Flexible Factory Partner Alliance
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
October 23, 2018
- Wireless communications energize flexible factory -
Flexible Factory Partner Alliance (FFPA), a non-profit organization formed by seven business corporations and the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), unveils the draft specifications aiming to stabilize various types of wireless systems co-located in manufacturing sites. NICT proposed Smart Resource Flow (SRF) wireless platform*1 which has been adopted as the architecture for the specifications. FFPA has worked further to add necessary functions and interfaces for commercialization.
The draft specifications feature that Field Manager (i.e. Controller) manages multiple wireless systems with policy settings and monitoring, which is a framework for coordination and co-existence of wireless systems with different standards, of different generations and by different vendors in the same site of a factory. It promotes extensively use of ICT for improving productivity through visualization of information and total management in the factories.
The draft specifications will be presented at the FFPA's "Wireless Commutations Energize Flexible Factory" seminar, held on October 30 in Tokyo. A white paper will be open to public at the same time, which shows market needs and benefits to vendors, system integrators and operators, also describes technical aspects of the specifications.
In the manufacturing sites, use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is increasing to enhance productivity under recent constrains like shortage of skilled workers and change of work style. The following needs are really raised.
·Monitor precise status of manufacturing equipment and results of inspection whether each process correctly completes for quality control.
·Ensure stable commutations among workers and production facilities including automated feeders and automated guided vehicles (AGVs).
·Enable flexible layout of machines and order of manufacturing processes to adapt to variable-type, variable-volume production and mass customization.
Wireless communication is one of the effective solution to cover these needs. More and more wireless systems have been introduced accompanying with manufacturing equipment for status monitoring, product inspection, process management, environment sensing, machine control, and so on.
Instabilities of communication are already emerging concerns. Due to interference among non-license required wireless systems operated independently, applications sometimes cannot keep enough bandwidth for communication quality. To address the issues technically, NICT has proposed SRF wireless platform that defines functions and information exchange protocols among them. FFPA established in July 2017 to promote SRF wireless platform into implementation for use in industries and to define the practical specifications for wireless communications in the manufacturing sites.
FFPA has defined the draft specifications enhancing functions and interfaces for commercialization, based on the architecture of the SRF wireless platform proposed by NICT. In the draft specifications, Field Manager (i.e. controller) takes the role of managing and controlling multiple wireless systems consisting of gateways and wireless terminals (global control).
The features are:
·Radio resources of frequency, time and space assigned to each system by setting control policy,
·Management with cognitive ways of both wireless communications and factory applications,
·Monitoring wireless environment on the SRF wireless platform.
In addition, each system is allowed to have autonomous internal control based on the control policy to adapt to rapid local change in wireless environment (local control).
The framework adopted for the specifications enables to work with wireless systems and devices in different standards, of different generations, and by different vendors with existing wireless devices. For wider deployment, a part of the specifications refers IEEE 802.1*2 standards.
The specifications enable to provide:
·Reliability: No system interruption even in congested and dynamic wireless environments.
·Capacity: Supporting large numbers and large variety of wireless applications for improving quality and productivity.
·Stability and Maintainability: Management of data flow and wireless environments without IT experts.
The draft specifications will be presented in the FFPA seminar, "Wireless Commutations Energize Flexible Factory" held on October 30 in Tokyo. A white paper will be open to public at the same time, which shows market needs and benefits to vendors, system integrators and operators, also describes technical requirements of the specifications.
FFPA continues to refine the specification in details and will finalize FFPA specifications (version 1.0) in the middle of 2019. Furthermore, by enabling visualization and total management of networks and the connected facilities in factories, FFPA promotes to utilization of ICT for improving productivity.
FFPA is a non-profit organization to promote the standardization for coordination control technology, ensuring stable communications in an environment where various wireless systems coexist in manufacturing facilities. Members are OMRON Corporation, the Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR), the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), NEC Corporation, Fujitsu Limited, Sanritz Automation Co., Ltd., Murata Machinery, Ltd, and Siemens K.K. , at the end of September 30, 2018.
*1 SRF Wireless Platform
System architecture to stabilize various wireless systems with connected facilities. SRF (Smart Resource Flow) is a concept to manage resources (e. g., human, facilities, equipment, materials, energy, and communications) using multilayer system analysis to achieve optimal performance by ensuring smooth flow of resources. Development of SRF wireless platform had been supported by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan for the project entitled "R&D on Technologies to Densely and Efficiently Utilize Radio Resources of Unlicensed Bands in Dedicated Areas" since 2017.
*2 IEEE 802.1
The IEEE 802.1 Working Group is chartered to concern itself with and develop standards and recommended practices in the following areas: 802 Local Area Networking (LAN) /Metropolitan Area Networking (MAN) architecture, internetworking among 802 LANs, MANs and other wide area networks, 802 Security, 802 overall network management, and protocol layers above the Media Access Control & Logical Link Control layers. IEEE 802.1 interim meeting (January 14-18, 2019) will be in Hiroshima, Japan hosted by FFPA.